Market of economic animals versus society of higher man
EVOLUTION OF DEMOCRACY
Before the ideas of democracy took roots in the political process in organizing the society, the world had gone through a long period of rules by the wealthy oligarchs and despots whose main aim was to exploit the weaker population and establish authoritarian rules. The warlords and despots loyal to the monarchs, controlling the properties and wealth of the lands they ruled, were the lawgivers of the society. The religious institutions, which also competed for power and wealth with the feudal class, formed another branch of political power, which fuelled religious hatred against other religions and mobilized the laities against their political and economic competitors. The ideas of democracy emerged with the rising power of the industrial, banking and commercial class benefiting from the success of colonizing the world. With growing industrialization democracy became a way to claim power, wealth and control of the society by these rising capitalists. Democracy also opened channels of higher education and knowledge of science, which challenged religious teachings and the perpetual injustice of the wealthy and powerful against the working class deprived of even the basic needs of survival. The intellectual middle class became the fan bearers of communism, which saw armed struggle of the workers as a way to end the imperialism of the capitalists.
The democracy chosen by the capitalists, and communism professed by the educated middle class seeking to enter the power struggle in the society, created a political field where class, economic inequality, religious antagonism and disparities of opportunities among people defined the basis of the society. In democracies political parties were formed with the leadership of the traditional wealthier class, or religious groups still ambitious of holding their power in the society. In places where communism triumphed, the democracy was set aside and the dictatorship of the proletariats became their ideology. The competitions between the capitalists, promoting the ideas of freedom of the market and profit making by exploiting the labouring class, and the communists seeking to capture the means of production and demanding fair wages and conditions of labour and dreaming of the demise of capitalism, created a world of conflict all around the world after the Second World War.
The increased rise of education among the population and the strengthening of the civil societies spreading the information about the rights of the people, as enshrined in the UN Declarations, have accelerated the pace of democracy all over the world. Even the poor and the deprived have realized the role they may play as a voter in an election. With it the political process has become more inclusive in finding candidates for election from a wide spectrum of social background. Even the communists have joined the democratic election process and chosen the capitalist path and abandoned the armed class struggle. The military dictators also have changed their clothes and joined the democratic process by forming their own political parties in order to cash on the rising awareness and acceptance of democracy among the mass.
The access to information as regards the social, economic, and political conditions have turned into an effective means in swinging the voters. Moreover, the widespread media-