Market of economic animals versus society of higher man

Democracy Home What is democracy Evolution of Democracy Faces of Democracy Contradictions of democracy

DIFFERENT FACES OF DEMOCRACY

Transition to democracy from oligarchic and authoritarian rules have taken place more recently in history. It has grown out of the development of the capitalist nations where industrialization and growth of scientific education have brought a new class of political players in the traditional field once dominated by feudal bourgeoisie and religious leaders. Spread of industrialization and commerce across the globe, combined with colonial booty strengthening the development of banking systems in the West, have opened other channels to exploit and come to power than by the methods used by the traditional bourgeoisie. More need for market and consumption have necessitated the opening of democratic processes among larger mass of the population. Democracy has been seen as a prerequisite for the economic growth of the nations following market economy. In many places the military dictators have changed their clothes and turned into civilian politicians by forming political parties in order to join this new political game of democracy which has opened up access to the market and given opportunities to be legal competitors in a free market system where the economically stronger are destined for success. This democratic market system resembles an animal kingdom where fiercer and cunning animals without any moral prejudice  become the natural winners .

The democracy has taken different colours in different societies depending on the economic and political history of the places. The industrialized nations, who ruled as colonial powers around the globe, and instituted capitalism in the world, became the power house of banking, industry, weapon production and mechanized transports. The scientific and technological advantages over others  had made them secure against threats from other nations. Democracy in these nations functioned as a political competition among a few major group consisting of wealthy capitalist class, the labouring class and the left  over of the traditional bourgeoisie. Those nations in the West, who failed to break the monopoly of a handful of countries dominating the globe, became more nationalistic and adopted more authoritarian courses instead.

The countries, which once lay under the colonial hegemony of the West, adopted democracy in different manners after  they received independence. They followed the way the independence  took place and the history of the people before the colonial time.  The poorer nations, where the economic interests of the West faced danger due to the resurgence of the communist ideology, saw the rise of dictatorship of the military regimes supported by the West. In the name of security interests, the Western democratic nations rescinded democratic processes in those newly independent nations which did not serve their economic interests. The democracy was supported only in those countries where the West saw its opportunities for expanded market and investment. Both democracy or military rule were applied according to what suited best to the interests of the industrialized nations.

The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and Development Banks - all controlled and dominated by the western capitalists - came to play central roles in the development of democracies in the world. It became also means of destroying the aspirations of the communists for the global power. The conflicts between the capitalists and the communists took shades of political parties, who mobilized their energies to win diverse groups of people carrying wide varieties of ideas, cultures, education, beliefs and economic abilities. The increased technological abilities to reach to the mass with advertisement, propaganda and entertainment swaying the views of the mass towards the market forces, became the powerful instruments of politics. Democracy turned into a system of manipulation by the wealthy, seeking to monopolize the market, with the aim of holding on to a system of exploitation under the supervision of rules and laws of the elected governments.

In some countries where military had been appeased with economic and social benefits, the civilian democracy was run by dictators deciding over the party. In such democracies the elections reflected the power of corruption, violence and subversive means which the competing parties could harness against each other. In places where neither military, nor any of the parties could win supremacy, the democracy gave birth to failed states. The successful democracies among the developing nations in turn transformed into a “bazaar” of political-cattle possessing all sorts of ideological views where ignorance, illiteracy, religious association, race and caste, language and culture  etc. decided the choice of the voters.  Thus the democratic process inspiring discriminations against other castes, groups, classes, religions and races, contradicted the basic ideas of democracy.