Market of economic animals versus society of higher man
DIFFERENT FACES OF DEMOCRACY
Transition to democracy from oligarchic and authoritarian rules have taken place more recently in history. It has grown out of the development of the capitalist nations where industrialization and growth of scientific education have brought a new class of political players in the traditional field once dominated by feudal bourgeoisie and religious leaders. Spread of industrialization and commerce across the globe, combined with colonial booty strengthening the development of banking systems in the West, have opened other channels to exploit and come to power than by the methods used by the traditional bourgeoisie. More need for market and consumption have necessitated the opening of democratic processes among larger mass of the population. Democracy has been seen as a prerequisite for the economic growth of the nations following market economy. In many places the military dictators have changed their clothes and turned into civilian politicians by forming political parties in order to join this new political game of democracy which has opened up access to the market and given opportunities to be legal competitors in a free market system where the economically stronger are destined for success. This democratic market system resembles an animal kingdom where fiercer and cunning animals without any moral prejudice become the natural winners .
The democracy has taken different colours in different societies depending on the economic and political history of the places. The industrialized nations, who ruled as colonial powers around the globe, and instituted capitalism in the world, became the power house of banking, industry, weapon production and mechanized transports. The scientific and technological advantages over others had made them secure against threats from other nations. Democracy in these nations functioned as a political competition among a few major group consisting of wealthy capitalist class, the labouring class and the left over of the traditional bourgeoisie. Those nations in the West, who failed to break the monopoly of a handful of countries dominating the globe, became more nationalistic and adopted more authoritarian courses instead.
The countries, which once lay under the colonial hegemony of the West, adopted democracy in different manners after they received independence. They followed the way the independence took place and the history of the people before the colonial time. The poorer nations, where the economic interests of the West faced danger due to the resurgence of the communist ideology, saw the rise of dictatorship of the military regimes supported by the West. In the name of security interests, the Western democratic nations rescinded democratic processes in those newly independent nations which did not serve their economic interests. The democracy was supported only in those countries where the West saw its opportunities for expanded market and investment. Both democracy or military rule were applied according to what suited best to the interests of the industrialized nations.
The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and Development Banks -
In some countries where military had been appeased with economic and social benefits, the civilian democracy was run by dictators deciding over the party. In such democracies the elections reflected the power of corruption, violence and subversive means which the competing parties could harness against each other. In places where neither military, nor any of the parties could win supremacy, the democracy gave birth to failed states. The successful democracies among the developing nations in turn transformed into a “bazaar” of political-